Saturday, May 23, 2020
The Enlightenment ushered in the idea that reason should be exercised in thinking instead of passion. MoliereÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"TartuffeÃ¢â¬ was written to challenge the dominant political and religious views of its time. The Catholic church viewed MoliereÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"TartuffeÃ¢â¬ as a threat to their faith and banned the play from being performed in public. Moliere became one of the great Enlightenment thinkers because of his willingness to speak out against the large corrupt institutions that many people did not have the courage to question. Marcel Gutwirth states, Ã¢â¬Å"Who is Tartuffe? Who is the wretch come barefoot into the home of a man of some wealth and note who, in the teeth of almost universal detestation, establishes a grip upon that household so tenacious that the intervention of the sovereign is needed to shake him loose and send him packing? The play, as had been remarked, refuses to make up its mind. The Ã¢â¬Å"rubicund gluttonÃ¢â¬ of the second act or the Ã¢â¬Å"sinister jail birdÃ¢â¬ of the fifth, the religious hypocrite or the professional confidence man, the professed nobleman the provinces or the penniless impostor make for a range that takes in some mutually exclusive possibilities. Two things stand out: he does lay claim to a very special relation to heaven; and, though far less overtly, sex exercises an equally strong claim on his person. A third fact, which we shall take up first, is his successful occupation of that well-nigh impregnable fastness, the interior of an affluent French househo ld- theShow MoreRelatedWilliam Moliere s Tartuffe As A Threat Of Reason1138 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthat Moliere addresses in Tartuffe as he establishes his characters. In satire characters are usually very one dimensional and unchanging. They are simply there to represent an idea. Therefore, rather than using character development, Moliere uses character establishment to shape his story and theme. This is most notably seen in the last two scenes of act one in Tartuffe as he establishes the characters of Orgon, Cleante and Tartuffe. In the establishment of these three characters Moliere forms
Monday, May 18, 2020
My Education Philosophy There are five basic areas of philosophy regarding education. I am going to discuss the two that are nearest to my own educational philosophy. The aim of Perennialism philosophy of education is to ensure that all students receive an educational understanding about the ideas of Western civilization. They emphasize the rational thinking ability of students. With Perennialism they feel that correct and critical thinking should be the primary objective of all students and teachers. Whereas the Essentialist philosophy is the belief that all students should be taught a core of common knowledge in an organized and controlled process. Educators should prepare students for life with the sound practical education. The focus is that educators should instill good morale values, downplaying vocational courses. Essentialist have a firm belief of Ã¢â¬Å"back to basicsÃ¢â¬ approach to education. Although both Perennialism and Essentialism have excellent ideas, they also h ave some issues. I read through both philosophies and found points from each philosophy that I felt would assist me with forming my philosophy along with the assistance of some very influential people in my life. My father and a couple of teachers I had in the past influenced me in the framing of my philosophy. The most important person to have influenced me is my father. Donald Weaver. His biggest influence is what I see as his philosophy of life, which he lives by daily. My father has always believedShow MoreRelatedMy Educational Philosophy : My Philosophy Of Education1006 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesnationÃ¢â¬â¢s future citizens will require that I outline my own ideology about AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s education system. The following philosophy of education will be comprised of the analyzation of knowledge, teaching, and democratic equality in relation to purposes of the education. Knowledge, the comprehension of a subject or concept, is at the core of the educational experience. This attainment of this knowledge should be the desired result of compulsory education, where each individual has a strong understandingRead MoreMy Educational Philosophy : My Philosophy Of Education946 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPhilosophy of Education My philosophy of education has changed over the years of teaching to what I belief today. My belief of education is to focus on construct knowledge and personal experiences. As an educator, I try and encourage students to discover principles themselves. Numerous scholars have described education as being the key to a prosperous life. The most successful people are believed to be once behind a desk in elementary schools as teachers instill knowledge in them. With a right learningRead MoreMy Educational Philosophy : My Philosophy Of Education805 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe philosophy they believe in. As a future educator, my goal is to educate the student in ways they have not been taught before. Over time students come across teachers who generally do not care and just do it for the money and time off in the summer. When a student has a teacher who makes a difference in their life, it is very rewarding for both the teacher and student. In class we received a philosophical self-inventory . After grading these statements I have come to the conclusion that my philosophyRead MoreMy Educational Philosophy : My Philosophy Of Education719 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesshaped their philosophies of teaching. In a world filled with beautiful places to wander to, experiencing new cultures and languages has become a love and passion of mine. Combined with my devotion to the education field and my personal life experiences, a desire to teach in the TESOL career field was one that came quite easily. My mother was once a student who had her own language barriers with needs that were unable to be met in the 1970s. With parents who did not speak English, my mother struggledRead MoreMy Educational Philosophy : My Personal Philosophy Of Education1023 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages My personal philosophy of education was thought of when I was little before I really acknowledged it or knew exactly what it was. My ideas of school has been collecting for years, ever since kindergarten. Ive always thought of school as something that is important. I went to school everyday and did my work and moved on to the next thing I needed to do. I did what I was suppose to, not because I enjoyed it but because I knew I had to. School has always been kinda boring and uninterestingRead MoreThe Educational Philosophy Of Adult Education803 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFoundations of Adult Education, 15/T3, Dr. Jonathan Taylor The focus of this assignment was to view the educational philosophy concerning adult learning. Background histories of the adultÃ¢â¬â¢s education ages ago were briefly gleaned. Other topics viewed were on the adult educational philosophy, the five educational philosophical approaches, the personal adult educational philosophy, the adult learner, developing my own adult educational philosophy, and lastly on how changes is an educational practice. HoweverRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Education1476 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages871 Foundations of Higher Education Summer 2015 Instructor: Joel Abaya, PhD Personal Philosophy of Education Submitted by: Wessam Elamawy . Personal Philosophy of Education Introduction: From the very beginning of my life I recognized the importance of higher education. I am 34 years old. I am Egyptian. I was born in a highly educated family . My father earned a Ph.D. in chemistry. My uncle earned a Ph.D. in Engineering . My aunt is a doctor. My grandparents were highly educatedRead MoreDraft Of Personal Philosophy Statement1268 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages7-2 Final Project Milestone Three: Draft of Personal Philosophy Statement In the field of higher education, I will welcome with open arms, accept, affirm, and celebrate all students by creating an environment that is equal and inclusive for all people regardless of their race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, cultural background, religion, family structure, economic status, learning ability, linguistic ability, and/or learning style. I will create an environment that includes positive, challengingRead MoreMy Own Beliefs About Teaching And Learning Essay1679 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In writing, discuss which of the philosophies of education and the learning orientations are closest to you? Why? Which do not fit with your philosophy of education and learning? Why? Based upon my own beliefs about teaching and learning, the philosophy of education and the learning orientation that is closest to me is Progressivism; which is a philosophy that places focus on the influential ideologies of education. Progressives believe that education should focus on a childÃ¢â¬â¢s individualityRead MoreEducational Philosophy Reflection1539 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswriting notes on the board. This is the type of education that I experience until I graduated high school. When I decided to go into teaching it was an easy decision for me to want to not provide this type of experience to my students. Early in the education program, Bud Stefanski posed us the question about our educational philosophy in the Foundations of Education class. When answering that question, I was 100% progressivism in my education philosophy students should only learn through hands-on
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 591 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/08/02 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: Enders Game Essay Did you like this example? The setting of a book tells a story in itself, allowing the reader to see a new reality and world. The setting of Enders Game takes place mostly on an spaceship, attending an academy created strictly for training and educating soldiers. The academy is full of rowdy children and teens, making the entire ship feel lively and resemble that of a school. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The Setting Of The Enders Game Book" essay for you Create order The younger children are often picked on by the older kids who liked the aspect of being better. The setting of Enders Game highly relates to aspects of the book. Some would say that the setting has no relation, because It is simply there to support that the enemies were aliens, but the setting also supports other points of the book The setting relates to the events of the plot, the characters, and built suspense. To begin, the setting relates to the plot in the sense that the over all story is set in space, with an end goal to defeat the enemy aliens. The entire goal of the army school is to train kids to fight these buggers that have attacked before. As one of the higher ranking adults states, Were trying to save the world, not heal the wounded heart (Card page 100, paragraph 1). This promotes the idea that the school in space is specifically to fight enemies in space, as the plot promotes. The setting relates to the plot because the plot is based around the idea of being in space. Moreover, the setting relates to the characters in the sense that the characters are training to become soldiers in a space war. The children, specifically Ender, are learning to kill aliens, while the story is based in space. Ender slowly learns how to be a soldier at the battle school, even creating his own after hours training group (page 120, paragraph 3). The action shows he is becoming more of a soldier, showing discipline in extra training, just as the school wants from him. The boy learns from those around him and grows smarter as his time at the school passes. The setting relates to the characters in the sense that the battle school is teaching the characters to become better soldiers. Finally, the setting relates to the suspense by the ominousness of space. The characters getting ready for war are doing so in space, where they dont know when the enemies will attack, or where they even are. In the same sense, space is always ominous in some way, dark and void of light and oxygen. Dink, a fellow soldier, says, Listen, Ender, if the buggers were coming back to get us, theyd be here (page 146, paragraph 3). This shows that the idea of not knowing when the enemy will arrive has affected the children into wondering if they will ever show up. Nobody really knows when the buggers will reach the, which has a different outcome on all of the students. The setting relates to the suspense in the sense that no when knows when the enemies will attack, while out in space preparing for the fight. To conclude, defeating aliens, the training of soldiers, and the empty vacuum of space all relate to the setting of the book. The setting relates to the suspense, characters, and plot of the book in different ways. Enders Game has a great deal of suspense and character development throughout, helping it create a vast and intricate world. The setting is an important part of the book, showing when and where the book takes place and how it all takes place.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Teaching Project Exercise and Nutrition during pregnancy By: Logan Machin Description of family and patient and their learning needs: Patient is Katy Press. Katy is a 32 year old female with a history of being obese and is currently 26 weeks pregnant with her first child. Katy came into hospital with concerns regarding the health of her developing child in regards to her personal health and lifestyle choices. She has a medical history of mild hypertension, poor diet, and slight osteopenia. Patient has had no complications thus far in pregnancy. During physical assessment of Katy no abnormalities were noted. Slight bilateral pedal edema from pregnancy and possible hypertension. All vitals at this time are stable with elevation in blood pressure at 150/90. When meeting with the family we were in the OBGYNÃ¢â¬â¢s patient room 101. The room is on the fourth story of DSN Memorial Hospital with windows looking outside to the east. The room is well lit and has a calming atmosphere to it. There are plenty of maternal magazines and pamphlets for the family and m other to read in regard to the mother, developing fetus, and newborn. The family present at this time was KatyÃ¢â¬â¢s husband John. John seemed to be an extremely supportive and loving husband to Katy. Katy was in the patient bed while the John sat in the chair next to the bed reading a magazine. When I introduced myself both Katy and John were extremely attentive and asked plenty of questions. WhenShow MoreRelatedThe Importance of Exercise and Nutrition During Pregnancy Essay1384 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEveryone knows that a healthy pregnancy requires special care. A healthy diet accompanied by moderate exercise is very important as it will cause the fetus has a great development and thus a pregnancy will be much better, but staying healthy during pregnancy depends on you, so its crucial to arm yourself with information about the many ways to keep you and your baby as healthy as possible. A healthy diet is very important because the deficiency of some nutrients can cause various adverse effectsRead MoreThe Importance Of Exercise During Pregnancy Exercise913 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesan unborn child; many women continue pre-pregnancy exercise such as jogging, dance, and similar actions previously thought to be dangerous to continued gestation. In addition, a supportive family and social environment allows the mother-to-be to take the time away from family activities to devote to personal exercise without feelings of guilt. The population of pregnant women is not the only group requiring education concerning exercise during pregnancy. Since the support of family and friendsRead MorePrenatal and Postpartum Scenario Essay714 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesbaby. The importance of a healthy diet and exercise cannot be more critical during the pregnancy and postpartum stages of a womans life. There are few changes that alter a womans life hormonally, physically, and mentally. So that you can better be prepared for these experiences, I have prepared a healthy activity list below that I believe will positively affect the infants future development and your well being. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Nutrition during and after pregnancy is important. Make sure to eat at least fiveRead MoreThe Conception Process Of A Sperm Cell1709 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesuntil become into a baby, sex, organs, and all its functional system will be development during 38 weeks. The germinal period: It takes place during the first to week of conception. In this period a fertilized egg will be created, a group of cells will be in charge in different process, first the blastocyst which is a group a cell that will develop into the embryo. Then the trophoblast will provide nutrition and support to the embryo. The embryonic period: Occurs from two to eight weeks after conceptionRead MoreThe Stages of Pregnancy and Nutrition during Your Gestation Period1682 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesexperience of motherhood? Are you making plans to get conceived in the right period of time with certain steps? If your answers to these questions are Ã¢â¬Å"sure, why not?Ã¢â¬ then you need to know about the stages of your pregnancy as soon as you get the pregnancy test with positive results. In fact, pregnancy is a big event in every womanÃ¢â¬â¢s life and a very exciting experience for the first time. Some women feel confident that they were pregnant at the time of conception and others donÃ¢â¬â¢t believe until they performRead MoreEssay about Overactive Bladder and Pregnancy 639 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesOveractive Bladder and Pregnancy During pregnancy, most women may experience overactive bladder or urinary incontinence. This can be mild or infrequent, while for others, it can be severe that can eventually affect their daily routine. This type of incontinence experienced during pregnancy is known as stress incontinence. It is the loss of urine due to increased pressure on the bladder, which makes the bladder sphincter unable to function properly when it comes to holding urine. Pregnancy hormones can alsoRead MoreNutrition And Pregnancy : Nutrition1501 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Chapter - 5 Maternal Nutrition in Pregnancy Nutrition and pregnancy refers to the nutrient intake, and dietary planning that is undertaken before, during and after pregnancy. The conception and the subsequent weeks afterwards is the time when it is at its most vulnerable, as it is the time when the organs and systems develop within. The enegy used to create these systems comes from the energy and nutrients in the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s circulation, and around the lining of the womb, such is the reason whyRead MorePrenatal and Postpartum Scenario669 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesadequate water, exercise, medication awareness, and emotions. One of the important factors that will positively affect the developing fetus is nutritional habit of the mother. Nutritional status with consumption of healthy food is the driving force behind attaining a healthy baby. A prenatal and postpartum woman would be advised to cultivate the habit of consuming healthy food because malnutrition in early state of pregnancy can affect the embryoÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to survive and poor nutrition in latter halfRead MoreHow Pregnancy Is The Most Important Stage Of The Majority Of Women s Life990 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPregnancy is the most important stage in the majority of womanÃ¢â¬â¢s life. This period brings a lot of changing for the pregnant, and a lot of doubts as well. And the purpose of this lecture is to elucidate some common doubts that woman have about this subject and give a lot of hints and advises to make this period even better and enjoyable. In the lecture Ã¢â¬Å"Optimizing your pregnancy: Healthy PregnancyÃ¢â¬ (2012), Aziz points out some aspects that pregnant should care about. Some of this aspects are: whatRead MoreType 1 Or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus During Pregnancy, Self1477 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMellitus During Pregnancy, Self Care Caring for yourself during your pregnancy when you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes (diabetes mellitus) means keeping your blood sugar (glucose) under control with a balance of: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Nutrition. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Exercise. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Lifestyle changes. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Insulin and other medicines, if necessary. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Support from your team of health care providers and others. The following information explains what you need to know when managing your diabetes at home during your pregnancy. WHAT
Euthanasia is the practice of voluntarily ending a life to relieve pain and suffering (Euthanasia. com/definitions). The act of euthanasia differs from the act of murder in that the person who will die makes the decision to end their life. We will write a custom essay sample on The Euthanasia Debate or any similar topic only for you Order Now In the case of murder, the person does not wish to end their life, but anther person intervenes to bring about their death against their wishes. Euthanasia is categorized as active and passive (Euthanasia. com/definitions). Passive euthanasia means failure to provide life prolonging medical treatment and letting a disease take its natural course without intervention. Active euthanasia means to take measures to end a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life (Euthanasia. com/definitions). When the topic of euthanasia is discussed, active euthanasia is typically to what is being referred to. The debate over whether euthanasia, particularly physician assisted suicide, is acceptable is a debate of global concern. Both sides of this debate have clearly defined positions. One side feels that assisted suicide is a form of mercy killing, and under certain conditions patients have a right to assisted suicide if it is their wish. However, others clearly oppose euthanasia, claiming that regardless of the circumstances, to end someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life early is wrong. The following will explore both sides of the euthanasia debate. Proponents The Netherlands and Switzerland were the first countries to legalize assisted suicide for those that were suffering from a painful or deadly disease (Pollard). The issue is hotly debated, and jurisdictions around the world switch back and forth continually on the issue. On the pro side of euthanasia, it is recognized as a right of the terminally ill in order to end their suffering. It is considered to be a basic human right to die with dignity (Maisie). Proponents of the right to euthanasia propose that the right to die is a natural extension of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s right to make their own decisions on any other topic regarding their (Maisie). The concept that a person has a right to decide whether their life has value to them or not is considered to be a basic human right (Maisie). The right to take oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own life by suicide is considered to be unacceptable in many cultures, therefore it is looked down upon as culturally unacceptable. However, suicide differs from euthanasia in that a person does not have a condition that would shorten their life, or place them in unbearable pain that is not expected to cease (Euthanasia. com/reasonsforeuthansia). People who commit suicide would have hope for a better quality life if they receive help (St. Clair, 2009). Those who consider euthanasia are exercising their right to end their own suffering. Doctors are at the center of the euthanasia debate. They are in a position where they have an oath to do no harm. Preserving a life of suffering against the wishes of the patient, or ending that life can both be considered doing harm (St. Clair, 2009). Patients have the right to refuse any medical treatment that is against their wishes (Maisie). It is considered to be contradictory to disallow them the ability to end their life in order to end suffering (Maisie). Many of those who support euthanasia do so on the basis of preserving human rights and dignity. Opponents However, those that oppose the right to die do so based on fears that it might be abused, and become a form of legalized murder (Maise). Concerns arise over legal heirs who might promote euthanasia for financial gain, or perhaps doctors who would hasten a death in order to receive an organ transplant (Maise). Opponents bring up many scenarios that would make the bioethics surround the issue even more difficult to resolve. For instance, would a mental illness be considered sufficient emotional pain to justify euthanasia, or would the person be considered to be incapable of making a rational decision in this regard (Hershey)? There are many such issues that weigh into the decision of whether to consider euthanasia to be a reasonable course of action. How to assess whether a person is actually competent to make their own decision when they are under the influence of heavy pain medication is another issue in the euthanasia debate (Hershey). The arguments by both proponents and opponents are largely hypothetical. The circumstances of each case make it difficult to generalize and create effective policy regarding the issue. Both sides have valid points. The arguments of both proponents and opponents are supported by hypothetical situations and scenarios that have come into existence. This makes the issues surrounding the development of uniform legal and moral policies about euthanasia so difficult because of the many different circumstances. The issues surrounding euthanasia are highly emotional and highly personal. In conclusion, the central debate that is at the heart of the euthanasia issue can be reduced to that of human rights. If the person decides to end their life and they have no hope of recovery, then the question shifts from care to whether or not they have a right to end their own life. They have a right to make other medical decisions about their own care, and they have the right to determine if they wish to be resuscitated if they should go into cardiac arrest (Patients Rights Council). They can make a living will and determine if they wish to have life-saving or even life-preserving measures should they become brain dead (Patients Rights Coucil). However, the issues regarding assisted euthanasia are complex and both sides viciously defend their position. How to cite The Euthanasia Debate, Papers
Question: Discuss about the Antipsychotic Medication for Chronic Mental Disorders. Answer: Introduction Non-adherence with antipsychotic medication occurs in all the chronic mental disorders. It is associated to social isolation, stigma, depression, negative thoughts, and cognitive impairment. Non-adherence to medication increments the risk of relapse, re-hospitalization, self-harm, and lowers the quality of life. The problems with non-adherence to antipsychotic medications are not taking the medicines, skipping the medications, not taking the recommended dosages, and in some cases taking excess medication. The interventions to address up the adherence issues require lot of patience and efforts (Simpson et al., 2006). The rationale is to improve the quality of life of the patients and decrease the signs which are the prime responsibility of the nurses as well as the doctors. Interventions to aggravate the adherence are psycho education, psychosocial interventions, antipsychotic injections, reminders, and financial support. The nursing interventions to increase adherence are proved to b e helpful in reducing the signs and symptoms to a larger extent. To help the patient to adhere to the anti-psychotic medications require nursing interventions as well as the support from family (Day et al., 2015). The level of non-adherence to antipsychotic medications is generally seen in antipsychotic disorders like Schizophrenia. Although the non-adherence is more dependent on the level of signs and symptoms. Review of literature Regardless of the discovery of antipsychotic medications, most of the people with psychotic disorders remain unwell. Non-adherence to medication is the major issue. Non-adherence is common to all the psychotic patients all over the world and is the major reason behind repeated hospitalization and relapses. Studies have shown with in the first year of treatment around 50% stops taking the antipsychotic medication and around 75% stops in the next year. Theoretically, it is seen improving adherence improve the effectiveness but, studies show addressing the non-adherence has shown better outcome in patients (Kronish, Edmondson, Cohen, 2012). Many meta-analysis studies show non-adherence is affected by factors like individual, the environment, and the health care services (Coleman et al., 2012). Individual factors are negative thinking about medical treatment, short illness, substance abuse etc. Environmental factors are poor therapeutic relationship, and poor after discharge care. Treat ment factors include medication type, route of administration, and high dose. Other factors are age, ethnicity, marital status, literacy, family, and mood. Systematic review of medication adherence regarding studies conducted from 1980 to 2000 clarifies effective intervention (Barnes et al., 2008). They suggest combining education along with behavioral or motivating approach or support services increase adherence. It has lead to short-term adherence but still the long term- adherence interventions are not successful. Studies say the simple and most successful intervention is to telephone clients to remind them for appointments. Cognitive behavior therapy when added to compliance therapy had been proved fruitful. Compliance therapy consists 4 to 5 sessions including CBT, motivating interviews, psycho education targeting therapeutic relations, and consumers insight. Evidences suggest interventions that are working together, prioritizing person thoughts and beliefs, and focusing on consumers belief about treatment brings about effective adherence (Vrijens et al., 2012). All the findings have solved the short-term adherence but adherence fo r a long period is still unresolved. Observation, analysis, and evaluation Observing the studies of 1980-1999, it can be concluded psychoeducation has little effect on adherence until they are carried out with behavioral and cognitive interventions. In the past decades importance was given to solve the cognitive impairments more. It included SMS reminders, telephonic interventions by nurses and cognitive adaption training. Improved communication technology and to reduce the burden of medical treatment was the focus of study in past decades. Studies after 2000 say community intervention and family intervention brings about a desirable positive adherence in the patients. In this decade client, community nurses, and family were included to increase the adherence to the antipsychotic medications. Providing management training to the nurses and educating the family members about the conditions and medication was studied extensively to get desirable results. The approach was a collective one so as to get better results. On analyzing the studies it can be seen the studies in 1980-1999 was focuses only on client. In this the all the measures were taken only on the consumer to increase adherence. The basis was medication and adherence. In the 2000 decade the focus included client, family, and the nurses. This attempt and approach was more fruitful to the patients as there were not over pressurized and burdened. The approach addressed not only adherence but other aspects also like support, love, and care to the patient (Buckley et al., 2009). Thus, it was difficult to analyze which components were essential to increase adherence. The interventions were not only based on adherence but also on improving the quality of life of the patients. Further, it can be seen that the studies were heterogeneous in design thus drawing out the outcome was difficult. The indirect measures of adherence like self report, doctor report and care giver report were less reliable than the direct measures like electronic records , assay of the medication levels, and pill counts. The subjective reports were overestimating the adherence. Evaluating the researches, some conclusions can be made. First is the interventions that are for long duration and consist of more sessions, and especially the ones that focuses only on adherence seems to provide more successful improvement than the interventions those are for short durations. Second is implementing problem-solving interventions that consists of technical aids ameliorate the adherence even in severe chronic conditions like Schizophrenia. Third is the effects of motivation interviewing in compliance therapy is suitable in providing positive results. Although, the motivation last in the consumers for a short duration (Richardson, McCabe Priebe, 2013). Finally, it appears that the heterogeneity of factors related to non-adherence calls for individually tailored approaches to promote adherence. Evidences show non-adherence results in undesirable poor outcomes so quality work is still to be done in this area. The problem has to be solved on consistent basis. More explora tion and deep interventions that last for a longer period of time are required for such psychotic patients. References Barnes T.R.E., Leeson V.C., Mutsatsa S.H., et al. (2008) Duration of untreated psychosis and social function: 1-year follow-up study of first-episode schizophrenia. The British Journal of Psychiatry 193, 203209 Buckley P.F., Foster A., Patel N.C., et al. (2009) Adherence to Mental Health Treatment. Oxford University Press, Oxford, NY Coleman C.I., Limone B., Sobieraj D.M., et al. (2012). Dosing frequency and medication adherence in chronic disease [Review]. J Manage Care Pharm, 18:527539. Day J.C., Bentall R.P., Roberts C., Randall F., Rogers A., Cattell D., Healy D., Rae P., Power C. (2015). Attitudes toward antipsychotic medication the impact of clinical variables and relationships with health professionals. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 62: 717-724 Kronish I.M., Edmondson D., Li Y., Cohen B.E. (2012). Posttraumatic stress disorder and medication adherence: results from the Mind Your Heart Study. J Psychiatr Res, 46:15951599. Richardson M., McCabe R., Priebe S. (2013). Are attitudes towards medication adherence associated with medication adherence behaviours among patients with psychosis? A systematic review and meta analysis. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, 48:649657. Simpson S.H., Eurich D.T., Majumdar SR., et al. (2006). A meta-analysis of the association between adherence to drug therapy and mortality. BMJ; 333:15. Vrijens B,, De Geest S., Hughes D.A., et al. (2012). A new taxonomy for describing and defining adherence to medications. Br J Clin Pharmacol, 73:69170
Saturday, May 2, 2020
As Emily Dickinson once said, Ã¢â¬Å"People need hard times and oppression to develop psychic muscles. Ã¢â¬ Sylvia Plath foreshadowed many different things in her poetry that reflect the difficult experiences she endured in life. Her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death and her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s abandonment influenced her writing in several different of her poems. PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s suicidal tendencies and the deep depressions she suffered also led to some of her darkest and more cynical poems. Her work is known for the violent imagery credited to some of her most questionable times in life. Although Sylvia Plath experienced a hard life full of suicidal thoughts, these unbearable times ultimately led to her most famous poetry today. Plath was born into a Massachusetts home on October 27, 1932 to a highly academic couple. When she was only eight years old her father died of diabetes. When Plath was 21 years old, she went through a serious depression and attempted suicide. We will write a custom essay sample on Sylvia Plath Research Paper or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Soon after, she met Ted Hughes, an English poet, and married him in 1956 (Ã¢â¬Å"Sylvia PlathÃ¢â¬ 1). The last and final time Sylvia would suffer from depression was in the worst winter of the century in 1963. Her suicide attempt, in February, was successful due to the use of a gas oven (Wagner-Martin 2). Ã¢â¬Å"One cannot clearly distinguish the traumas she experienced from those she constructed in printÃ¢â¬ (Axelrod 1). As the professor from the University of California Riverside says, PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s poems show anguish like none other of her time period. She was a contemporary writer whose poems followed the mentoring of Robert Lowell and Anne Sexton. She took great pride in her writing although her greatest poems were the aftermath of a horrible time for her. Ã¢â¬Å"For Plath, the most important things were always those she created: her poems, her childrenÃ¢â¬ (Kinsey-Clinton 5). SylviaÃ¢â¬â¢s difficult life and the things she went through contributed to the remarkable poetry she is now recognized for. Ã¢â¬Å"His death drastically defined her relationships and her poems- most notably in her elegiac and infamous poem, Ã¢â¬ËDaddyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Sylvia PlathÃ¢â¬ 1). First, Sylvia Plath had a complicated relationship with her father and expressed her resentment towards his death in some of her poems. Ã¢â¬Å"They always knew it was you. / Daddy, daddy, you bastard, Im through. Ã¢â¬ This final line to Sylvia PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s poem, Ã¢â¬Å"DaddyÃ¢â¬ , shows her anguish and hatred towards her father even after his long-ago death. One can blatantly see all throughout this poem that Plath is expressing intense emotions towards her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s life and death but finally comes to terms with him in the end. She was also illustrating her feelings of resentment towards her husband with her harsh and vivid words. (Ã¢â¬Å"Analysis of Sylvia PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËDaddyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ 1). The poem Ã¢â¬Å"DaddyÃ¢â¬ exemplifies the pain that was stored and built up in SylviaÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood. When she first heard of her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death, she proclaimed, Ã¢â¬Å"I will never speak to God againÃ¢â¬ . Sylvia believed her father could have prevented his death but instead stood by and did nothing (Wagner-Martin 67). In another poem, Ã¢â¬Å"Electra on Azalea PathÃ¢â¬ she describes her first visit to her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s grave and the affect it had on her own life in a poetic manner. Ã¢â¬Å"I brought my love to bear, and then you died. / It was the gangrene ate you to the bone / My mother said: you died like any man. / How shall I age into that state of mind? Ã¢â¬ These four lines are from the end of PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s poem Ã¢â¬Å"Electra on Azalea PathÃ¢â¬ and represent the hard time she is having accepting his death. Sylvia PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death took a toll on her mental state, but overall helped her beautiful style of writing. Next, her husband, Ted HughesÃ¢â¬â¢s, abandonment provided an excellent source of anger for PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s book of poetry, Ariel. Ã¢â¬Å"Ted Hughes left Plath and in that winter, in a deep depression, Plath wrote most of the poems that would comprise her most famous bookÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Sylvia PlathÃ¢â¬ 1). After he left her, she wrote 40 poems of rage and vengeance in less than two months. The poems that composed Ariel have been primarily responsible for PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s after-death fame (Stevenson 2). Sylvia expressed herself through increasingly angry and powerful poems. Poems such as, Ã¢â¬Å"Lady LazarusÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"ArielÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"Death CompanyÃ¢â¬ are all great examples of her lonely and fuming feelings. In the poem, Ã¢â¬Å"Lady LazarusÃ¢â¬ , Sylvia Plath ends it with these line; Ã¢â¬Å"Out of the ash / I rise with my red hair / And I eat men like airÃ¢â¬ . Once again, her feeling of neglect and let down by her husband are illustrated in her descriptive word choice and interesting rhyme scheme. Ã¢â¬Å"Lady LazarusÃ¢â¬ is a poem about her love-hate relationship with death and the agony she went through during the end of her marriage. Sylvia Plath struggled with many aspects of her personal life and love life. Due to her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s desertion, Plath created very powerful poems that will be remembered throughout time as some of her best work. Lastly, the major influence on Sylvia PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s writing was her periods of depression and suicidal thoughts. The first battle of deep depression she faced was in college, however, she luckily made it through, and graduated summa cum laude in 1955 (Ã¢â¬Å"Sylvia PlathÃ¢â¬ 1). However, her next period of depression was fatal. Most of PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s poetry is dark and violent. The tone in many of her poems reflects her suicidal feelings and hopeless fears. For instance, in the poem Ã¢â¬Å"MirrorÃ¢â¬ , by Sylvia Plath, the theme of the fear of aging is present within each line. Ã¢â¬Å"In me she has drowned a young girl, and in me an old woman / Rises toward her day after day, like a terrible fish. Ã¢â¬ Also, it is not a coincidence that Plath died young; just as the character she portrays would rather die young and be young forever than watch herself age. The parallels between the poem and PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s life are easily noted. For instance, PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s suicidal attempt at 21, and dying young, both show that she was afraid of aging. Also, the person in PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s poem Ã¢â¬Å"MirrorÃ¢â¬ was unsatisfied with herself and her life, just as Sylvia Plath was. A well-written poem that resulted from PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s suicidal depression is Ã¢â¬Å"Nick and the CandlestickÃ¢â¬ . It is a very sad poem written to her son about maternal love using nature imagery and loving, flowing words (Stevenson 2). Although most of PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s poems are violent and angry, this poem shows the variety of poetry to come out of her depression. The combination and collection of Sylvia PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s poems contained an underlying tone of rage and rebellion. Ã¢â¬Å"PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s forthright language speaks loudly about the anger of being both betrayed and powerlessÃ¢â¬ (Wagner-Martin, 2). The many difficult things she underwent changed her poems and made her famous. Her poetry often reflects the painful times she experienced; such as, her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death at a young age, her husband leaving her with two infants, and her own battles with depression. Also, the issues in PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s life gave her grounds for writing very good, deep, and angry poems that will be remembered forever. The depressing factors added to the meanings of her poems and the underlying tone in them. Because of PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s not-so-perfect family and home life, it made for very well-written poetry. Towards the final days of her life, Plath wrote Ã¢â¬Å"Twelve final poems shortly before her death that defined a nihilistic metaphysic from which death provided the only escapeÃ¢â¬ (Stevenson 2). As one can see, Sylvia Plath wrote poems to escape from her problematic life and expressed most of her feelings through her dark poems. Due to her sad experiences, she wrote poems that reflected her suicidal tendencies and, eventually, became famous.